The Golem (Hebrew: גולם) is a human-revived statue in Jewish mysticism. Such golems are known quite a lot and although the golem most people think of as an animated statue with the appearance of man, it may have another form.

The word golem in Hebrew means incompleteness, imperfection, and this is how this animated being was conceived. She had no thoughts or her own will, usually unable to speak, and only literally fulfilling the orders of her master. Belief in the ability to create a thing comes from the belief that good people have a creative power that is not as powerful as God. The concept of the shem that animated the golems is based on Kabbalah, for according to this doctrine, God's creative action can be repeated using the correct combination of the letters of God's name. Shem was usually a parchment on which the magic words were written.

Golem a rabín Jehuda Löw ben Becalel

Animated clay


However, the idea of creating a human earthen figure by man and animated by him to accomplish the task is demonstrably much older: it originates in ancient Egypt, where it is literally documented in a short story from the second half of the 6th century BC. used since the Middle Kingdom. [1]

In a way, Adam, the first man made of dust, was first a Golem.

Likewise, the motif of man's creation by a clay god (mixed from the blood of another slain god) appears in Mesopotamian myths. Some similarity could be seen in the Eastern rituals of "reviving" Buddha statues. Before the statue is placed in its place, a scroll with a mantra is inserted into its interior.

Golem a rabín Jehuda Löw ben Becalel



According to a legend prepared by the Brothers Grimm, after the revival of the Golem, the word 'emet', or truth, appeared on his forehead (the letters alef, mem and tav of the Hebrew alphabet). To immobilize the Golem, it was sufficient to delete the first letter of the word, creating the word 'met', meaning 'dead'. Thus, according to legend, the Chelm Gol was killed by Rabbi Elijahu Ba'al Shem. The Golem, the size of a small statuette that was naturally sized by the Lord's command, grew out of his master and the Rabbi was unable to reach his forehead and immobilize the Golem. He therefore ordered the Golem to tie his shoe. The giant bowed willingly, and Rabbi erased the letter. The golem's body fell to the ground, and the rabbi was crushed by its weight.

Golem a rabín Jehuda Löw ben Becalel